Norway is a Scandinavian country encompassing mountains, glaciers and deep coastal fjords. Oslo, the capital, is a city of green spaces and museums. Preserved 9th-century Viking ships are displayed at Oslo's Viking Ship Museum. Bergen, with colorful wooden houses, is the starting point for cruises to the dramatic Sognefjord. Norway is also known for fishing, hiking and skiing, notably at Lillehammer's Olympic resort.
Geographically Norway is located about as far north in Europe as you can get, and hosts the northernmost point of Europe- the North cape cliff. It is part of the Scandinavian peninsula.
Norway has a population of about 5 million, and it is the second least densely populated country in Europe, with a majority living in Oslo and the eastern parts of the country. Norway has a very elongated shape, one of the longest and most rugged coastlines in the world, and some 50,000 islands off this extremely indented coastline.
A vast number of fjords are cutting their way from the coastline into the country, carved out by the ice. The fjords are quite unique and beautiful, but naturally they have also been a challenge for the road planners..thus a ferry crossing the fjord is a typical sight in Norway. In fact, the ferries are defined as part of the road systems.
Due to the Gulf Stream ocean current Norway experiences warmer temperatures than expected at such northern latitudes, especially along the coast, with summer temperatures of around 15 to 20 degrees Celsius, and winter temperatures mostly above zero degree Celsius (+32 F). Even the Arctic city of Tromso does not have very cold winters, with a mean temperature in January of -3 degrees Celsius. The mainland experiences colder winters with snow, excellent for winter activities
The Norwegian coast.
Norway has an extensive and unique coast line, with islands, skerries, fjords, narrow passages & mountain peaks, stretching from Skagerak and the south of Norway along the North Sea to the Arctic Circle and northwards to the North Cape, the barren Finnmarken coast and the Barents Sea towards the Russian border.
The coast stretches over 2,500 km, and over 83,000 km including the fjords and islands. The cruise along the spectacular coast of Norway is often called the World's most beautiful voyage. The Norwegian Hurtigruten ships have been cruising along the coast of Norway for more than 100 years, carrying cargo, people living along the coast and foreign cruise passengers.